The University of Southampton
Telephone:
+442380592190
Email:
A.J.Bird@soton.ac.uk

Professor Antony Bird 

Lecturer

Senior Tutor (Undergraduate)

Research

Research interests

Professor Tony Bird’s research focus is on astronomy in the X-ray and soft gamma-ray wavebands.

Professor Bird is a co-investigator for the IBIS imager on the ESA INTEGRAL mission, in which has been operational since 2002. He has led the team producing the main survey catalogs from INTEGRAL, the latest of which was released in 2016. He also works on the development on new instrumental and data analysis techniques. Among the many sources in the survey catalogs, Prof. Bird’s personal research interest is in the Supergiant Fast X-ray Binaries, a new class of highly variable binary star system discovered by INTEGRAL. Prof Bird was involved in the technical development of several of the main components of IBIS, and a member of the calibration team.

Prof Bird is interested in the transfer of astronomical technology to other applications, including homeland security and medical imaging. He is currently involved in a Knowledge Transfer Partnership with local company Symetrica as part of this work.

Teaching

Prof Bird has recently been Director of Programmes for Physics and Astronomy, and before that taught courses on Medical Physics, Applied Nuclear Physics, and leads the mission design element of the Tenerife Field Trip for astronomy and space science students.

Publications

Dean, A.J., Bazzano, A., Hill, A.B, Stephen, J.B., Bassani, L., Barlow, E., Bird, A.J., Lebrun, F., Squera, V., Shaw, S.E., Ubertihni, P., Walter, R. and Willis, D. (2005) Global characteristics of the first IBIS/ISGRI catalogue sources: unveiling a murky episode of binary star evolution. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 443 (2), 485-494. (doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20053513).

Dean, A.J., Bird, A.J., Diallo, N., Ferguson, C., Lockley, J.J., Shaw, S.E., Westmore, M.J. and Willis, D.J. (2003) The modelling of background noise in astronomical gamma ray telescopes. Space Science Reviews, 105 (1-2), 285-376. (doi:10.1023/A:1023995803108).

Sguera, V., Barlow, E.J., Bird, A.J., Clark, D.J., Dean, A.J., Hill, A.B., Moran, L., Shaw, S.E., Willis, D.R., Bazzano, A., Ubertini, P. and Malizia, A. (2005) INTEGRAL observations of recurrent fast X-ray transient sources. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 444 (2005), 221-231. (doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20053103).

Bird, A.J., Barlow, E.J., Bassani, L., Bazzano, A., Belanger, G., Bodaghee, A., Capitanio, F., Dean, A.J., Fiocchi, M., Hill, A.B., Lebrun, F., Malizia, A., Mas-Hesse, J.M., Molina, M., Moran, L., Renaud, M., Sguera, V., Shaw, S.E., Stephen, J.B., Terrier, R., Ubertini, P., Walter, R., Willis, D.R. and Winkler, C. (2006) The second IBIS/ISGRI soft gamma-ray survey catalog. The Astrophysical Journal, 636 (2), 765-776. (doi:10.1086/498090).

Lebrun, F., Terrier, R., Bazzano, A., Belanger, G., Bird, A., Bouchet, L., Dean, A., Del Santo, M., Goldwurm, A., Lund, N., Morand, H., Parmar, A., Paul, J., Roques, J.-P., Schonfelder, V., Strong, A.W., Ubertini, P., Walter, R. and Winkler, C. (2004) Letter to Nature. Compact sources as the origin of the soft gamma-ray emission of the Milky Way. Nature, 428 ((6980)), 293-296. (doi:10.1038/nature02407).

Bird, A.J., Barlow, E.J., Bassani, L., Bodaghee, A., Capitanio, F., Cocchi, M., Del Santo, M., Dean, A.J., Hill, A.B., Lebrun, F., Malaguti, G., Malizia, A., Much, R., Shaw, S.E., Stephen, J.B., Terrier, R., Ubertini, P. and Walter, R. (2004) The first IBIS/ISGRI soft ?-ray galactic plane survey catalog. The Astrophysical Journal, 607 (1), 33-37. (doi:10.1086/421772).

Sguera, V., Bazzano, A., Bird, A.J., Dean, A.J., Ubertini, P., Barlow, E.J., Bassani, L., Clark, D.J., Hill, A.B., Malizia, M., Molina, M. and Stephen, J.B. (2006) Unveiling supergiant fast x-ray transient sources with INTEGRAL. The Astrophysical Journal, 646 (1), 452-463. (doi:10.1086/504827).

McGlynn, S., Clark, D.J., Dean, A.J., Hanlon, L., McBreen, S., Willis, D.R., Bird, A.J., Foley, S. and McBreen, B. (2007) Polarisation studies of the prompt gamma-ray emission from GRB 041219a using the spectrometer aboard INTEGRAL. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 466 (3), 895-904. (doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20066179).

Townsend, L.J., Coe, M.J., McBride, V.A., Bird, A.J., Schurch, M.P.E., Corbet, R.H.D., Haberl, F., Galache, J.L. and Udalski, A. (2010) Be/X-ray binary SXP6.85 undergoes large type II outburst in the small magellanic cloud. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 403 (3), 1239-1245. (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2009.16211.x).

McBride, V.A., Bird, A.J., Coe, M.J., Townsend, L.J., Corbet, R.H.D. and Haberl, F. (2010) The Magellanic Bridge: evidence for a population of X-ray binaries. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 403 (2), 709-713. (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2009.16178.x).

Scaringi, S., Bird, A.J., Norton, A.J., Knigge, C., Hill, A.B., Clark, D.J., Dean, A.J., McBride, V.A., Barlow, E.J., Bassani, L., Bazzano, A., Fiocchi, M. and Landi, R. (2010) Hard X-ray properties of magnetic cataclysmic variables. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 401 (4), 2207-2218. (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2009.15826.x).

Coe, Malcolm J., Bird, Anthony J., Buckley, D.A.H., Corbet, R.H.D., Dean, Anthony J., Finger, M., Galache, José L., Haberl, Frank, McBride, Vanessa, Negueruela, I., Schurch, Matthew, Townsend, Lee J., Udalski, A., Wilms, J. and Zezas, A. (2010) Integral deep observations of the small magellanic cloud. Pre-print, (arXiv:1004.221). (Submitted)

Landi, R., Bassani, L., Malizia, A., Stephen, J.B., Bazzano, A., Fiocchi, M. and Bird, A.J. (2010) Swift/XRT follow-up observations of unidentified INTEGRAL/IBIS sources. Astronomy & Astrophysics.

Scaringi, S., Bird, A.J., Hill, A.B., Clark, D.J., McBride, V.A., Dean, A.J., Bazzano, A., Natalucci, L. and Stephen, J.B. (2010) A new determination of the INTEGRAL/IBIS point source location accuracy. Astronomy & Astrophysics. (doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201014209). (In Press)

Malizia, A., Stephen, J.B., Bassani, L., Bird, Anthony J., Panessa, F. and Ubertini, P. (2010) Re-evaluating the local compton-thick AGN fraction. arXiv, 1-8. (doi:10.22323/1.096.0012).

Masetti, N., Parisi, P., Palazzi, E., Bassani, L., Landi, R., Malizia, A., Schiavone, F., Stephen, J.B., Jimenez-Bailon, E., Chavushyan, V., Morelli, L., Mason, E., Galaz, G., Minniti, D., Bird, A.J., Dean, A.J., McBride, V.A., Charles, P.A., Bazzano, A. and Ubertini, P. (2010) Revealing the nature of new unidentified INTEGRAL sources. arXiv.

Landi, R., Bassani, L., Malizia, A., Stephen, J.B., Bazzano, A., Fiocchi, M. and Bird, A.J. (2010) Swift/XRT observations of unidentified INTEGRAL/IBIS sources. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 403 (2), 945. (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.16183.x).

Masetti, N., Landi, R., Sguera, V., Capitanio, F., Bassani, L., Bazzano, A., Bird, A.J., Malizia, A. and Palazzi, E. (2010) The peculiar high-mass x-ray binary 1ES 1210-646. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 511, A48-A56. (doi:10.1051/0004-6361/200913404).

Bird, A.J., Bazzano, A., Bassani, L., Capitanio, F., Fiocchi, M., Hill, A.B., Malizia, A., McBride, V.A., Scaringi, S., Sguera, V., Stephen, J.B., Ubertini, P., Dean, A.J., Lebrun, F., Terrier, R., Renaud, M., Mattana, F., Götz, D., Rodriguez, J., Belanger, G., Walter, R. and Winkler, C. (2010) The fourth IBIS/ISGRI soft gamma-ray survey catalog. The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 186 (1), 1. (doi:10.1088/0067-0049/186/1/1).

Parisi, P., Masetti, N., Jiménez-Bailón, E., Chavushyan, V., Malizia, A., Landi, R., Molina, M., Fiocchi, M., Palazzi, E., Bassani, L., Bazzano, A., Bird, A.J., Dean, A.J., Galaz, G., Mason, E., Minniti, D., Morelli, L., Stephen, J.B. and Ubertini, P. (2009) Accurate classification of 17 AGNs detected with Swift/BAT. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 507 (3), 1345-1358. (doi:10.1051/0004-6361/200912931).

Molina, M., Bassani, L., Malizia, A., Stephen, J.B., Bird, A.J., Dean, A.J., Panessa, F., De Rosa, A. and Landi, R. (2009) The INTEGRAL complete sample of type 1 AGN. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 399 (3), 1293-1306. (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2009.15257.x).

Ubertini, P., Sguera, V., Stephen, J.B., Bassani, L., Bazzano, A. and Bird, A.J. (2009) The FERMI/LAT sky as seen by INTEGRAL/IBIS. The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 706 (1), L7. (doi:10.1088/0004-637X/706/1/L7).

Clark, David J., Hill, Adam B., Bird, Anthony J., McBride, Vanessa, Scaringi, Simone and Dean, Anthony J. (2009) Discovery of the orbital period in the supergiant fast X-ray transient IGR J17544-2619. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, 399 (1), L113-L117. (doi:10.1111/j.1745-3933.2009.00737.x).

Malizia, A., Stephen, J.B., Bassani, L., Bird, A.J., Panessa, F. and Ubertini, P. (2009) The fraction of compton-thick sources in an integral complete AGN sample. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 399 (2), 944-951. (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2009.15330.x).

Sguera, V., Romero, G.E., Bazzano, A., Masetti, N., Bird, A.J. and Bassani, L. (2009) Dissecting the region of 3EG J1837-0423 and HESS J1841-055 with INTEGRAL. The Astrophysical Journal, 697 (2), 1194. (doi:10.1088/0004-637X/697/2/1194).

Bassani, L., Landi, R., Campana, R., McBride, V.A., Dean, A.J., Bird, A.J., Green, D.A., Ubertini, P. and De Rosa, A. (2009) The nature of the ASCA/INTEGRAL source AX J183039-1002: a new Compton-thick AGN? Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, 395 (1), L1-L5. (doi:10.1111/j.1745-3933.2009.00626.x).

Hill, A.B., Bird, A.J., Bazzano, A., McBride, V.A., Sguera, V., Shaw, S.E. and Watkins, H.J. (2009) Identifying a new intermediate SFXT: discovering a 30 day period in SAX J1818.6—1703. Simbol-X: focusing on the hard x-ray universe: Proceedings of the 2nd International Simbol-X Symposium. p. 322 . (doi:10.1063/1.3149444).

Panessa, F., De Rosa, A., Bassani, L., Bird, A., Dean, A., Malizia, A., Masetti, N., Molina, M. and Ubertini, P. (2009) The extra-galactic hard x-ray sky as painted by INTEGRAL. Simbol-X: focusing on the hard x-ray universe: Proceedings of the 2nd International Simbol-X Symposium. p. 112 . (doi:10.1063/1.3149390).

Malizia, A., Bassani, L., Panessa, F., De Rosa, A. and Bird, A.J. (2009) IGR J16351?5806: another close by Compton-thick AGN. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 394 (1), L121-L125. (doi:10.1111/j.1745-3933.2009.00622.x).

Bird, A.J., Bazzano, A., Hill, A.B., McBride, V.A., Sguera, V., Shaw, S.E. and Watkins, H.J. (2009) Discovery of a 30-d period in the supergiant fast X-ray transient SAX J1818.6?1703. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, 393 (1), L11-L15. (doi:10.1111/j.1745-3933.2008.00583.x).

Landi, R., Bassani, L., Dean, A.J., Bird, A.J., Fiocchi, M., Bazzano, A., Nousek, J.A. and Osborne, J.P. (2009) INTEGRAL/IBIS and Swift/XRT observations of hard cataclysmic variables. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 392 (2), 630-640. (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.14086.x).

Landi, R., Stephen, J.B., Masetti, N., Grupe, D., Capitanio, F., Bird, Anthony J., Dean, Anthony J., Fiocchi, M. and Gehrels, N. (2009) The AGN nature of three INTEGRAL sources: IGR J18249–3243, IGR J19443+2117, and IGR J22292+6647. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 493 (3), 893-898. (doi:10.1051/0004-6361:200810503).

Scaringi, Simone, Bird, A.J., Clark, D.J., Dean, A.J., Hill, A.B., McBride, V.A. and Shaw, S.E. (2008) ISINA : INTEGRAL source identification network algorithm. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 390 (4), 1339-1348. (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13765.x).

Fiocchi, M., Bazzano, A., Ubertini, P., Bird, A.J., Natalucci, L. and Sguera, V. (2008) The INTEGRAL long monitoring of persistent ultra compact X-ray bursters. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 492 (2), 557-563. (doi:10.1051/0004-6361:200809715).

Molina, M., Bassani, L., Malizia, A., Bird, A.J., Dean, A.J., Fiocchi, M., Panessa, F., De Rosa, A. and Landi, R. (2008) A broad-band spectral analysis of eight radio-loud type 1 active galactic nuclei selected in the hard X-ray band. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 390 (3), 1217-1228. (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13824.x).

Malizia, A., Bassani, L., Bird, A.J., Landi, R., Masetti, N., De Rosa, A., Panessa, F., Molina, M., Dean, A.J., Perri, M. and Tueller, J. (2008) First high-energy observations of narrow-line Seyfert 1s with INTEGRAL/IBIS. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 389 (3), 1360-1366. (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13657.x).

Dean, A.J., Clark, D.J., Stephen, J.B., McBride, V.A., Bassani, L., Bazzano, A., Bird, A.J., Hill, A.B., Shaw, S.E. and Ubertini, P. (2008) Polarized gamma-ray emission from the Crab. Science, 321 (5893), 1183-1185. (doi:10.1126/science.1149056).

Sguera, V., Bassani, L., Landi, R., Bazzano, A., Bird, A.J., Dean, A.J., Malizia, A., Masetti, N. and Ubertini, P. (2008) INTEGRAL and Swift/XRT observations of the SFXT IGR J16479–4514: from quiescence to fast flaring activity. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 487 (2), 619-623. (doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20079195).

Hill, Adam B., Bird, A.J., Dean, A.J., Knigge, C. and McBride, V.A. (2008) New and unusual HMXB activity observed by INTEGRAL. Bandyopadhyay, Reba M., Wachter, Stefanie, Gelino, Dawn and Gelino, Christopher R. (eds.) A Population Explosion: The Nature & Evolution of X-ray Binaries in Diverse Environments, United States. 28 Oct - 02 Nov 2007. p. 263 . (doi:10.1063/1.2945054).

Capitanio, Fiamma, Bird, Anthony J., Federici, Memmo, Bazzano, Angela and Ubertini, Pietro (2008) Correlating the WFC and the IBIS hard X-ray surveys. AIP Conference Proceedings, A population explosion: the nature and evolution of x-ray binaries in diverse environments. p. 257 . (doi:10.1063/1.2945053).

Bird, Antony J. (2008) Obscured galactic populations revealed by INTEGRAL observations. Bandyopadhyay, Reba M., Wachter, Stefanie, Gelino, Dawn and Gelino, Christopher R. (eds.) AIP Conference, United States. 28 Oct - 02 Nov 2007. p. 217 . (doi:10.1063/1.2945045).

Panessa, F., Bassani, L., De Rosa, A., Bird, A.J., Dean, A.J., Fiocchi, M., Malizia, A., Molina, M., Ubertini, P. and Walter, R. (2008) The broad-band XMM-Newton and INTEGRAL spectra of bright type 1 Seyfert galaxies. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 483 (1), 151-160. (doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078657).

Masetti, N., Mason, E., Morelli, L., Cellone, S.A., McBride, V.A., Palazzi, E., Bassani, L., Bazzano, A., Bird, A.J., Charles, P.A., Dean, A.J., Galaz, G., Gehrels, N., Landi, R., Malizia, A., Minniti, D., Panessa, F., Romero, G.E., Stephen, J.B., Ubertini, P. and Walter, R. (2008) Unveiling the nature of INTEGRAL objects through optical spectroscopy. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 482 (1), 113-132. (doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20079332).

Masetti, N., Mason, E., Landi, R., Giommi, P., Bassani, L., Malizia, A., Bird, A.J., Bazzano, A., Dean, A.J., Gehrels, N., Palazzi, E. and Ubertini, P. (2008) High-redshift blazar identification for Swift J1656.3-3302. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 480 (3), 715-721. (doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078901).

Dean, A.J., De Rosa, A., McBride, V.A., Landi, R., Hill, A.B., Bassani, L., Bazzano, A., Bird, A.J. and Ubertini, P. (2008) INTEGRAL observations of PSR J1811?1925 and its associated pulsar wind nebula. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, 384 (1), L29-L33. (doi:10.1111/j.1745-3933.2007.00415.x).

McBride, V.A., Dean, A.J., Bazzano, A., Bird, A.J., Hill, A.B., De Rosa, A., Landi, R., Sguera, V. and Malizia, A. (2008) INTEGRAL detection of the pulsar wind nebula in PSR J1846–0258. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 477 (1), 249. (doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078432).

Drave, S.P., Bird, A.J., Sidoli, L., Sguera, V., McBride, V. A., Hill, A. B., Bazzano, A. and Goossens, M. E. (2013) INTEGRAL and XMM-Newton observations of IGR J16418-4532: evidence of accretion regime transitions in a supergiant fast X-ray transient. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 433 (1), 528-542. (doi:10.1093/mnras/stt754).

Drave, S. P., Bird, A. J., Sidoli, L., Sguera, V., Bazzano, A., Hill, A. B. and Goossens, M. E. (2014) New insights on accretion in supergiant fast X-ray transients from XMM-Newton and INTEGRAL observations of IGR J17544-2619. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 439 (2), 2175-2185. (doi:10.1093/mnras/stu110).

Bird, A.J., Bazzano, A., Malizia, A., Fiocchi, M., Sguera, V., Bassani, L., Hill, A.B., Ubertini, P. and Winkler, C. (2016) The IBIS soft gamma-ray sky after 1000 INTEGRAL orbits. The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 223 (15), 1-10. (doi:10.3847/0067-0049/223/1/15).

Malizia, A., Molina, M., Bassani, L., Stephen, J.B., Bazzano, A., Ubertini, P. and Bird, A.J. (2014) The integral high-energy cut-off distribution of type 1 active galactic nuclei. The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 782 (L25), 1-6. (doi:10.1088/2041-8205/782/2/L25).

Malizia, A., Landi, R., Molina, M., Bassani, L., Bazzano, A., Bird, A.J. and Ubertini, P. (2016) The INTEGRAL/IBISAGN catalogue: an update. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 460 (1), 19-29. (doi:10.1093/mnras/stw972).

Coe, M.J., Bartlett, E S, Bird, A.J., Haberl, F., Kennea, J.A., McBride, V.A., Townsend, L.J. and Udalski, A. (2015) SXP 5.05 = IGR J00569-7226: using X-rays to explore the structure of a Be star’s circumstellar disk. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, 447 (3), 2387-2403. (doi:10.1093/mnras/stu2568).

Sguera, V., Sidoli, L., Paizis, A. and Bird, A.J. (2016) Discovery of two new fast X-ray transients with INTEGRAL: IGR J03346+4414 and IGR J20344+3913. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 463 (3), 2885-2892. (doi:10.1093/mnras/stw2183).

Sguera, V., Sidoli, L., Paizis, A., Masetti, N., Bird, A.J. and Bazzano, A. (2017) First hard X-ray detection and broad band X-ray study of the unidentified transient AX J1949.8+2534. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 469 (4), 3901-3908. (doi:10.1093/mnras/stx1111).

Higgins, A.B., Starling, R.L.C., Götz, D., Mereghetti, S., Wiersema, K., Maccarone, T., Osborne, J.P., Tanvir, N.R., O'Brien, P.T., Bird, A.J., Rowlinson, A. and Gehrels, N. (2017) Investigating the nature of INTEGRAL Gamma-ray Bursts and sub-threshold triggers with Swift follow-up. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. (doi:10.1093/mnras/stx1163).

Bird, Antony and Coe, Malcolm (2017) Confirmation of six be X-ray binaries in the small Magellanic cloud. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 467 (2), 1526-1530. (doi:10.1093/mnras/stx181).

Ursini, F, Bassani, L., Panessa, F., Bazzano, A., Bird, Antony, Malizia, A. and Ubertini, P. (2017) Where are Compton-thick radio galaxies? A hard X-ray view of three candidates. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 474 (4), 5684-5693. (doi:10.1093/mnras/stx3159).

Ursini, F, Bassani, L., Panessa, F., Bird, A.J., Bruni, G., Fiocchi, M., Malizia, A., Saripalli, L. and Ubertini, P. (2018) Hard X-ray selected giant radio galaxies – I. The X-ray properties and radio connection. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 3 (11), 4250-4260. (doi:10.1093/mnras/sty2547).

Goossens, M.E., Bird, A.J., Hill, A.B., Sguera, V. and Drave, S.P. (2019) XMM-Newton and INTEGRAL analysis of the supergiant fast X-ray transient IGR J17354-3255. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 485 (1), 286-298. (doi:10.1093/mnras/sty3236).

Boon, C.M., Bird, A.J., Coe, M.J., Corbet, R.H.D., Evans, P.A., Kennea, J.A., Krimm, H.A., Laycock, S.G.T. and Udalski, A. (2017) Multiwavelength observations of the Be/X-ray binary IGR J01217−7257 (=SXP 2.16) during outburst. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 466 (1), 1149-1159. (doi:10.1093/mnras/stw3169).

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